化隆| 邓州| 南宫| 济南| 镇康| 民和| 海口| 丹江口| 蔡甸| 陵县| 浠水| 定襄| 封丘| 公安| 成武| 黑水| 木兰| 柯坪| 明光| 沽源| 巴马| 巴塘| 迁安| 长治县| 库伦旗| 固镇| 凌云| 乡宁| 九江市| 零陵| 望谟| 贡觉| 金平| 宁波| 张家川| 高陵| 海林| 酒泉| 儋州| 鄂尔多斯| 密山| 绥棱| 五台| 琼山| 和龙| 阿勒泰| 河池| 曲靖| 昂昂溪| 宜兰| 龙门| 宁德| 扎兰屯| 相城| 长春| 嘉义市| 秦安| 威宁| 息县| 长岭| 钓鱼岛| 连州| 双鸭山| 崇信| 张家港| 阳西| 武宁| 丽江| 汉川| 枣阳| 汝南| 雄县| 古丈| 台前| 阿合奇| 秦皇岛| 库伦旗| 万盛| 元江| 金山屯| 通许| 宜黄| 乌什| 屯昌| 土默特左旗| 光山| 杜尔伯特| 揭阳| 大田| 呈贡| 隰县| 蒲江| 河北| 新疆| 南县| 东西湖| 武冈| 渑池| 吴江| 额敏| 井研| 台中市| 藁城| 高邮| 邗江| 汾西| 察哈尔右翼前旗| 柘城| 翼城| 宜兴| 宁都| 弓长岭| 辽源| 费县| 涿州| 理塘| 忻城| 岚山| 宜昌| 古冶| 临猗| 张家界| 寿光| 肥东| 克山| 普兰| 融安| 珊瑚岛| 兰州| 明水| 乳山| 皮山| 广宗| 大悟| 新荣| 田林| 梅州| 达县| 宿豫| 孟津| 杜集| 唐山| 安平| 南部| 沿滩| 兰西| 盐边| 大埔| 怀柔| 岐山| 香河| 上海| 碾子山| 新余| 永仁| 土默特左旗| 呼兰| 邕宁| 墨江| 佛冈| 修武| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 泽州| 静乐| 新沂| 利川| 禹城| 林周| 通渭| 准格尔旗| 翠峦| 临淄| 天津| 安西| 达孜| 凤庆| 临城| 离石| 洛隆| 乃东| 临邑| 东丰| 玉屏| 锡林浩特| 中阳| 嵊州| 乐平| 保德| 江安| 巴中| 克拉玛依| 湖北| 翁源| 峰峰矿| 新蔡| 公主岭| 宁强| 平乡| 铅山| 上高| 珊瑚岛| 咸丰| 吴桥| 卫辉| 巧家| 商南| 乳山| 鲁山| 江陵| 云溪| 石景山| 金州| 双阳| 赤峰| 龙泉驿| 汉南| 那曲| 丹阳| 罗田| 西乡| 张家界| 富源| 林州| 平顶山| 咸丰| 五营| 沁水| 青川| 麻江| 纳溪| 贵溪| 茌平| 孝义| 平罗| 阜平| 武陟| 隆尧| 安平| 上高| 镇宁| 革吉| 石柱| 安阳| 丹巴| 蕉岭| 库车| 宁南| 泰兴| 武平| 定安| 邹城| 天柱| 饶河| 嵩明| 泸县| 恭城| 焉耆| 吴中| 昂昂溪| 福州| 中阳| 青龙| 罗定|

新华网荣获“2017年度中国上市公司杰出品牌奖”

2019-09-19 16:36 来源:中国涪陵网

  新华网荣获“2017年度中国上市公司杰出品牌奖”

  sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogram,atasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatabarinWashington,,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PeoplewatchfromashoppingmallfoodcourtintheLsRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,atarailwaystationinSeoul,SouthKorea,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramattheSeoulRailwayStationinSeoul,SouthKorea,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)EmployeesofaforeignexchangesRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUn,inTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies)sRepublicofKorea(DPRK)leaderKimJongUninSingaporeduringanewsprogramatasquareinTokyo,Japan,June12,2018.(Photo/Agencies),2017showstwilightthroughtheSeventeenArchBridgeintheSummerPalaceinBeijing,capitalofChina.(Xinhua/LiuXianguo)China,700activitieswillbeheldacrossChinatocelebratethisyearsculturalandnaturalheritageday,,whichwasestablishedtosafegstakealookat20culturalheritagesitesinChina,,originallynamedQingyiYuan,ortheGardenofClearRipples,wasanimperialgardenconstructedin1750byEmperorQianlonginabidtocelebratehismother,emperorsandempressesspenttheirleisuretimethere,eselandscapegardendesign,,capitalofsouthwestChinasTibetAutonomousRegion,,2018,togreettheSpringFestivalandTibetanNewYear.(Xinhua/Chogo),LhasaThePotalaPalace,winterpalaceoftheDalaiLama,hassymbolizedTibetanBuddhismanditscen,madeupoftheWhiteandRedPalaceswiththeirancillarybuildings,isbuiltonRedMountaininthecenterofLhasaValley,atanaltitudeof3,,JokhangTempleMonasteryandNorbulingkawereaddedtothelistrespectivelyin1994,,2018showsthesnowsceneryofWestLakeinHangzhou,eastChinaZhejiangProvince,,2018.(Xinhua/HuangZongzhi),,WestLakeCulturalLandscapeofHangzhouhasinspiredfamouspoets,,pagodas,pavilions,gardensandornamentaltrees,,2018showsseaofcloudsafterrainfallatHuangyaguansectionoftheGreatWallinTianjin,northChina.(Xinhua/YangYushan),theGreatWallwindsupanddownacrossdeserts,grasslands,mountainsandplateaus,,horsetracks,watchtowers,andsheltersonthewall,,000years,,itisstilloneofthemostappealingattractionsallaroundt,oneofthegreatestwondersoftheworld,,northwestChinasGansuProvince,,2016.(Photo/Xinhua),Gansuprovince,theMogaocaves,alsoknownastheThousand-BuddhaCaves,aretheworldslargest,mostrichlyendowed,,atthecrossroadsoftradeaswellasreligious,,thecarvingofthecavesstartedin366ADandcontinuedforabout1,,housingabout45,000squaremetersofmuralsandmorethan2,000paintedsculptures,,wi(Photo/Xinhua)sYuanDynastyinChina,slegendarycapitalcity,designedbytheMongolrulersChineseadvisor,LiuBingzhong,,includingtemples,palaces,tombs,nomadicencampmentsandtheTiefangangCanal,,,:/FengJun):anImperialSacrificialAltarinBeijingLocatedinthesouthernpartofBeijing,theTempleofHeavenisamagnificentcomplexoffirs,andisthelargestoneinBeijingamongseveralroyalaltarstoHeaven,Earth,theSun,,SoutheastChinasFujianprovince,onDec9,2016.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WangDongming)e15thand20thcenturiesover120kilometersinthesouth-westofFujianprovince,irfunctionexe,,efilm,resembling"scarfs"and"dresses",aspartoftheirrestorationintheEmperorQinshihuangsMausoleumSiteMuseuminXian,Shaanxiprovince,Feb23,2015.(Photo/CFP)ntainingterracottawarriorsandhorsesarelocatedinLintongcounty,nearXi’ancity,,,themausoleumislaidoutinlinewiththedimensionsofXianyang,,,,ridianGate(WuMen)ofthePalaceMuseuminBeijing,April17,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)ForbiddenCity,locatedinthecenterofBeijing,,,,(anareaenclosedbyfourpoles).In1924,theimperialfamilyoftheQingDynastywasremovedfromtheForbiddenCity,age,nearMountHuangshan,Anhuiprovince,inMay.(Photo:ChinaDaily/WangHao),HuangshancityinsouthAnhuiprovince,thetwotraditionalvillagesXidiandHongcunarearchitecturalcomplexes,,landscape,architecturalform,decorationandconstructiontechniquesallretaint,northChinasShanxiProvince,April22,,listedasaUNESCOWorldCulturalHeritagesitein2001,willwitnessatourismpeakastheMayDayholidayiscoming.(Photo:Xinhua/YanYan),some16kmwestofDatongcity,Shanxiprovince,theYungangGrottoeswerebuiltagainstthemountainandextendaboutonekm(),000statueswithinacarvedareaof18,000squaremeters,YungangGrottoesrepresenttheoutstandin,withtheirstrictunityoflayoutanddesign,coPoliticalPartyForumvisitLiuyuanorLingeringGardeninSuzhou,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,April22,2013.(Xinhua/ShenPeng),whichseekstorecreateminiaturenaturallandscapes,isnotillustratedanybetterthanintheninegardensinthehistoriccityofSuzhou,’,2017showstheviewofChengdesummerresortinnorthChinasHebeiProvince.(Xinhua/LiuMancang),ChengdeIntermsofthegenerallayout,architecturalstyles,constructiontechniques,decorationdetailsandgardenlandscape,theMountainResort,avastcomplexofpalacesandadministrativeandceremonialbuildingsbuiltbetween1703and1792,representsthebroadexchangeandconvergencebetweenHancultureandtheethniccultures-Confucianism,BuddhismandTaoism-andthearchitecturalstylesbetweenChina,theMountainResorthastemplesofmanyarchitecturalstylesandimperialgardensblendeffortlesslyintoalandscapeoflakes,,,centralChinasHenanProvince,April17,(Xinhua/ZhuXiang)e(618-907).Located13kmsouthofLuoyang,Henanprovince,theLongmenGrottoesareconcentratedontheeastandwestcliffsoftheYishuiRiver,,duringtheNorthernWeiDynasty,Grottoes,liketheTwentyGemsofLongmenCalligraphyandZhuSuiliang’sstonetablets,,madein641inhonorofthemotherofthefourthsonofEmperorTaizong,,,LushanMountainisoneofthemostrenownedmountainsandtourismresortsinthecountry.(Photo/ShanghaiDaily),LushanMountainisoneofChina’,whichwasinscribedontheWorldHeritageListin1996,i,LushanisthebirthplaceofChineselandscapepoetry,plus,thefamousLushanPlenumrepresentsitsroleinChina’,,southwestChinasYunnanProvince,,SCOin1997.(Photo:Xinhua/YangZongyou),lyingontheLijiangplainatanelevationof2,400metersinsouthwestYunnanprovinceofChina,alandstrategifelementsfromseveralcultures,anditsancientwater-supplysy,WudangMountain,alsoknownasTaiheMountain,isbothafamousscenicspotandaholysiteofTaoism,Chinasindigenousreligion.(Photo/)anjiangkouincentralHubeiprovince,theWudangMountainsarehometoafamouscomplexofancientpalaces,periodofnearly1,,anannualeventputonbythespecialadministrativeregionsgovernment,sonSundaynight,(Photo:Xinhua/ZhangJinjia)’straditionalChinesedesign,itstandswitnesst’smissionaryroleintheFarEastwhilealso,formingthemostuniqueblendofculturalheritageexistinginChina’,,clairaudienceandtheJadeEmperorintheDazuRockCarvingsinChongqingmunicipality.(Photo/TheofficialWechataccountofDazuRockCarvings),,’,50,000statuesand100,000inscribedwithChinesecharacter,1999.

VolunteerscleanwasteonbeachinDongshanCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/SongWeiwei)VolunteersfreefriesinSanya,southChinasHainanProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ChenWenwu)MembersofChinasAntarcticexpeditionputamicroplasticcollectorintothesea,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/BaiGuolong)CleanersclearthefloatingwasteinthefishbreedingraftsinHuangqiTownshipofLianjiangCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,June6,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)ChinasmannedsubmersibleJiaolongispreparedtodiveintheYapTrenchinthewestPacific,June13,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiuShiping)PearlcultivatorstransfershellsatapearlcultivationfarminBeihaiCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/ZhangAilin)AlittlegirlstaysatacampinQingdaoHaichangPolarOceanParkinQingdao,acoastalcityineastChinasShandongProvince,May19,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)AseaweedharvestboatsailsataseaweedfarminSanshaTownshipinXiapuCounty,southeastChinasFujianProvince,,,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangKehong),2018showsthesceneryofXinyingmangrovenationalwetlandparkinsouthChina,aUN-designateddayheldannuallyonJune8,aimstoarousepeoplesconsciousnesstopreserveoceansonEarth.(Xinhua/JiangEnyu)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AcuratorintroducestheAfricanArtExhibitionheldinsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)JournaliststakephotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)PhototakenonJune7,2018showsexhibitsattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChina(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)AjournalisttakesphotosattheAfricanArtExhibitioninsouthwestChinasChongqing,June7,(Xinhua/WangQuanchao)

  AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)AerialphototakenonJune1,2018showstheQingdaoJiaozhouBayBridgeinQingdao,eastChinauangdaodistrict.(Xinhua/GuoXulei)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June11,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)WorkersworkataconstructionsiteoftheBeijing-Zhangjiakouhigh-speedrailwayinZhangjiakou,northChinasHebeiProvince,June10,,connectingChinascapitalBeijingandZhangjiakouofnorthChinasHebeiProvince,isdesignedataspeedof350kilometersperhourandisexpectedtobeputintouseattheendof2019.(Xinhua/YangShiyao)

  AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoveranobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)MencarrytheirwivesoverawaterobstaclewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)AmancarrieshiswifewhileracingintheWifeCarryingcompetitiontomarktheCityDayinKrasnoyarsk,Russia,June10,2018.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)PhototakenonJune6,2018showscustomsenforcementofficersinIstanbul’sPendikporthavecaughtundocumentedmigrants,wrappedinaluminumfoiltohidefromx-raydetectors,onan18-wheeltruckenroutetoItaly.(Photo/Agencies)

AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)AcollectionofvintagevehiclesisondisplayattheOldVehiclesCulturalMuseuminTaiyuanCity,ShanxiProvince,June7,,motorcycles,andtractorsfrommorethantencountries,with90percentofthemstillabletostart.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/WuJunjie)

  sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TherequirementoftheroyalsletBeijingembroideryblossomintheMingandQingdynasties(1368-1911)sinceitwasbornintheTangDynasty(618-907).Anditgotanothername,royalembroidery,inancientChina,Beijingembroiderywasfollowedbymanycommonworkshops,becomingoneofthe"EightWondersofYanjing",sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)TherequirementoftheroyalsletBeijingembroideryblossomintheMingandQingdynasties(1368-1911)sinceitwasbornintheTangDynasty(618-907).Anditgotanothername,royalembroidery,inancientChina,Beijingembroiderywasfollowedbymanycommonworkshops,becomingoneofthe"EightWondersofYanjing",sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Comparedtoothertraditionalembroideries,suchastheworksfromSuzhouandHunan,Beijingembroideryisknownforitsrichhuedcolors,,,thecraftswerelistedasanationalintangibleculturalheritage,,sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Thefounder,YuDan,broughtherworks,aseriesoffineclothesdazzlingwithBeijingembroiderytoashowatthePrinceKung,fromtoddlerstoyoungwomentoagedcouples,sdailylifeinformsofmoderndesign,sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)Thedesigneraddedlighthuesintheseries,includingpaleblueandlightpink,tomaketheclothesmoresuitablefordailywear."Basedonthetraditionalcrafts,wealsocreatesomenewpatterns,,lilyflowerwasnotincluded,butnowweuseitonmanyofourclothes,",sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)"Theseclientsdontthinktheyhaveenoughconfidencetowearsuchclotheswithpowerfulanimalpattern,",YuestabsMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)sMansioninBeijing,June8,"SplendidChina:ChinaIntangibleCulturalHeritageFashionShow",oneactivityofthe2018CulturalandNaturalHeritageDay.(Photo/ChinaDaily)

  Arobotpatrolsthemediacenterofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitonThursday.(Photo:LiHao/GT)WiththeapproachoftheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,volunteersprovideassistanceforin,“66”,securityrobot“Haihai”anddeliveryrobot“DianXiaoer.”Securityrobot“Haihai”cancarryout24-hourautonhemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersworkatthemediacenterreceptiondeskofthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)Volunteersstandatattentioninthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganizationSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)JournalistsprepareinthemediacenteroftheShanghaiCooperationOrganizationQingdaoSummitinQingdao,EastChinasShandongProvince,onJune7,2018.(Photo:LiHao/GT)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)AChinesewhitedolphinsportsintheSanniangwanseaareainQinzhouCity,southChinasGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegion,June10,2018.(Xinhua/ZhouHua)

  Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Dancersperformduringalightshowandfireworksdisplayheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MaoJianjun)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ShengJiapeng)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/DuYang)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong)Alightshowandfireworksdisplayisheldtowelcomeguestsattendingthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,ShandongProvince,June9,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhangYong)

  TouristsdressedinKoreanethnicgarbposeinfrontoftheYaluRiverinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)KimJong-unsvisitreaffirmedDPRKslong-standingfriendshipwithChinaOnMarch25,ZhouLinqingrodethetrainfromDandong,Liaoningprovince,toPyongyang,capitaloftheDemocraticPeople,whichisclearlyvisibleacrosstheYaluRiver,,whichtakesaboutsevenhours,isusuallysmoothanduntroubled,butonthisoccasionZhouoralongtimebeforemovingon,,helearnedthatthetrainhadbeenstoppedtomakewayforaspecialtraincarryingKimJong-un,whowasheadingtoBeijingfortalkswithPresidentXiJinpingaspartoftheDPRKtopleader,havingarrivedinSingaporeon,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)BackinPyongyang,ZhouandhisbusinesspartnersfromtheDPRKwatchedalengthyTVnewsreportaboutKimshistoricmeetingwithXi,includingfootageofahandshakebetweenthesmilingleadersthatquicklywentviralonsocialmedia."IcloselymonitortheinternationalsituationregardingtheDPRKbecausechangescaninstantlyanddirectlyaffectcross-bordertrade,,"the54-year-oldsaid."Dontgetmewrong-eenXiandKimwasdefinitelyworthcelebrating,re,"hesaid,,ZhouglancedatabusinesswomanfromtheDPRKwhowastalkingtooneofhisemployeesaboutplacingordersforawiderangeofitems."Itseemslikesheneedseverything,"omersinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)GaoliStreetisoneofthemostpopularplacesinDandongfosdesk,smallChineseandDPRKnationaldeskflagsflankacollectionofbooksaboutKimIl-sung,theDPRKsfounderwhowasKimJongun,,whicharewritteninChinese,carefullytogleanhintsthatwouldhelphimdecodethemindsetofthecountry-destinationwithplentyofbusinesspotential."Peopleareusuallymystified,buttheydon,itisuniqueinmanyways,suchasitspoliticalsystemandthewaybusinessesarerun,butaslongasyoureallyunderstandhowthingsworkthere,itsjustbusinessasusual,"saidZhou,,Liaoningprovince,whichsellsgoodsfromtheDemocraticPeoplesbusinesshasdeclinedasaresultofsanctionsimposedontheDPRKbytheUNlastyear.(YANGQING/XINHUA)SanctionsbiteInAugustandSeptember,theUNSecurityCouncilimposedtwosetsofsanctionsontheDPRK,,iron,leadandseafood,,Ksminingsector,Zhouhasbeenaffected."tions,",threemonthsafterthesanctionswereimposed,thetradevolumebetweenChinaandtheDPRKwas$310million,ayear-on-yeardeclineof50percent,auseitseconomyisheavilyinfluencedbytheinternationalsi,,2015,thedayitopenedforbusiness.(PANYULONG/XINHUA)ThegoodnewsforZhouisthatDPRKresidentsrelyheavilyonsmallbusinessestoprovidethemwithallkindsofgoods,butthecountrysunstableelectricitysupplymeansnonelectricalitemsareespeciallypopular."Thefactisthatdemandisrisingandunstoppable,",roadandriverroutesdirectlyconnectedwithSinuiju,acityintheDPRKclosetotheborder,morethan70percentofChinastradewiththecountrypassesthroughDandong,heinternationalsituationinvolvingtheDPRK,and,moreimportant,,whichopenedin1943andconnectsDandongandSinuiju,hasfallensharplysinceChinaimplementedtheUNsanctions,accordingtoZhang,aveterancross-borderbusinessmanwhodeclinedtogivehisfullname."ForpeopleinDandong,themostobviouschangesarethattherearenoyoungwomenfromtheDPRKservingatjointventurerestaurantsthatarefamousforauthenticDPRKcuisine,andseafoodfromtheDPRKisnolongeravailableondinnertables,"(FREDDUFOUR/FORCHINADAILY)SpeculationZhangaddedthatlocalpeoplehavenotreactedtospeculationinsomepartsofChinathatDandongcouldbeafutureShenzhen-thecityinGuangdongprovincethatwasthecountryelopmentduringameetingintheDPRKonApril20."e,andthestatusofthenewbridgeacrosstherivertheywontbelieveeverythingtheyreadabouttheDPRK,"hesaid,(WENSHAN/FORCHINADAILY)BridgingthegapToboostcross-bordertrade,constructionofanewcrossing,officiallycalledtheNewChina-DPRKFriendshipBridge,,thenewbridge-about12kmdownstreamfromtheold940-meter-longconstruction-hasntbeenputintousebecauseconstructionofaroadtoconnectitwithSinuijuhasntstartedyet."Atthemoment,thenewbridgeonlyfunctionsasaholderforneonlights;istalkabouttheopening-upoftheDPRK;whenwilltrucksbeabletousethisexpensivebridge"Zhangsaid."SomeofmyfriendsbelievethehypeandhaveevenaskedmehowtheycanbuypropertyinSinuiju-theyaredeadlyserious."AftertheUNimposedthelatestsanctions,YaoXing,28,amemberoftheyoungergenerationofcross-borderbusinesspeopleinDandong,shiftedhisfocusfromimportingdieseltotakingtouriststotheDPRK."WeveseenarisingnumberofyoungChineseshowinganinterestinvisitingthecountrybecausetheyhavehe,businessisbooming,",Yaoatingthecountryisnotasdifficultastheyhadassumedandthatitcouldbefuntotakeatrip."Therisingdemandmeanswehaveto,manypeopleviewtheonce-a-dayinternationaltraintotheDPRKasanattractioninitsownright,althoughthe220-kilometerjourneycantakeuptosevenhoursbecauseofsecuritychecks,",thebusinessman,saidthatgiventhesanctionsimposedovertheyears,"Ofcourse,likeeveryoneelseinDandong,Iwillcloselyfollowthemeetingbetween,IalsowanttoseetheUNtakeitshandsoffthesanctionsbutton,whichwouldhaveanimmediate,beneficialeffectonmybusiness,"hesaid.ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/MengXiangjun)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/XuFangqing)ReportersqueuetoentertheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiYang)ReportersgatherattheInternationalMediaCenterfortheDPRK-USAsummitatF1PitBuildinginSingapore,June10,2018.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/LiuZhen)

  Eightetiquettevolunteersposeforaphotoatthemediacenterforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng),2008showsJiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifangasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao;LowerphototakenonJune5,2018showsthecoupleasvolunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,inQingdao,eastChina,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Photo/Xinhua)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guideatouristinWendengRoadinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,giveouthandbooksatMingxialuCommunityinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(R)andhiswifeLianShifang,volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,gatheratMingxialuCommunityfortraininginQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)JiangShifa(3rdR)andhiswifeLianShifang(2ndR),volunteersfortheShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)QingdaoSummit,guidepassengersatabusstopinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,74yearsoldandhiswife,72yearsold,ittenyearsaftertheyservedasvolunteersfortheBeijing2008OlympicGamesSailingeventinQingdao.(Xinhua/JiangKehong)EtiquetteteacherLuMin(1stR)instructsvolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)Eightetiquettevolunteersforthe18thShanghaiCooperationOrganization(SCO)SummitpracticeinQingdao,eastChinasShandongProvince,June5,,000volunteershavebeenmobilizedtoofferservicesforthesummit,fromassistingwithguestsarrivalanddeparture,translation,andmediarequests,totheoperationofcityfunctionssuchastransportation,telecommunication,andbanks.(Xinhua/LiZiheng)

  GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)GiantpandasplayfootballatWolongShenshupingBaseofChinaConservationandResearchCenterforGiantPandasinNgawaTibetanandQiangAutonomousPrefecture,SouthwestChina’,allbornin2017,willpa,ChinasgiantpandacamTVchannel,accordingtothecenter.(Photo/VCG)

  TouristsdressedinKoreanethnicgarbposeinfrontoftheYaluRiverinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)KimJong-unsvisitreaffirmedDPRKslong-standingfriendshipwithChinaOnMarch25,ZhouLinqingrodethetrainfromDandong,Liaoningprovince,toPyongyang,capitaloftheDemocraticPeople,whichisclearlyvisibleacrosstheYaluRiver,,whichtakesaboutsevenhours,isusuallysmoothanduntroubled,butonthisoccasionZhouoralongtimebeforemovingon,,helearnedthatthetrainhadbeenstoppedtomakewayforaspecialtraincarryingKimJong-un,whowasheadingtoBeijingfortalkswithPresidentXiJinpingaspartoftheDPRKtopleader,havingarrivedinSingaporeon,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)BackinPyongyang,ZhouandhisbusinesspartnersfromtheDPRKwatchedalengthyTVnewsreportaboutKimshistoricmeetingwithXi,includingfootageofahandshakebetweenthesmilingleadersthatquicklywentviralonsocialmedia."IcloselymonitortheinternationalsituationregardingtheDPRKbecausechangescaninstantlyanddirectlyaffectcross-bordertrade,,"the54-year-oldsaid."Dontgetmewrong-eenXiandKimwasdefinitelyworthcelebrating,re,"hesaid,,ZhouglancedatabusinesswomanfromtheDPRKwhowastalkingtooneofhisemployeesaboutplacingordersforawiderangeofitems."Itseemslikesheneedseverything,"omersinDandong,Liaoningprovince,onMay1.(YUHAIYANG/FORCHINADAILY)GaoliStreetisoneofthemostpopularplacesinDandongfosdesk,smallChineseandDPRKnationaldeskflagsflankacollectionofbooksaboutKimIl-sung,theDPRKsfounderwhowasKimJongun,,whicharewritteninChinese,carefullytogleanhintsthatwouldhelphimdecodethemindsetofthecountry-destinationwithplentyofbusinesspotential."Peopleareusuallymystified,buttheydon,itisuniqueinmanyways,suchasitspoliticalsystemandthewaybusinessesarerun,butaslongasyoureallyunderstandhowthingsworkthere,itsjustbusinessasusual,"saidZhou,,Liaoningprovince,whichsellsgoodsfromtheDemocraticPeoplesbusinesshasdeclinedasaresultofsanctionsimposedontheDPRKbytheUNlastyear.(YANGQING/XINHUA)SanctionsbiteInAugustandSeptember,theUNSecurityCouncilimposedtwosetsofsanctionsontheDPRK,,iron,leadandseafood,,Ksminingsector,Zhouhasbeenaffected."tions,",threemonthsafterthesanctionswereimposed,thetradevolumebetweenChinaandtheDPRKwas$310million,ayear-on-yeardeclineof50percent,auseitseconomyisheavilyinfluencedbytheinternationalsi,,2015,thedayitopenedforbusiness.(PANYULONG/XINHUA)ThegoodnewsforZhouisthatDPRKresidentsrelyheavilyonsmallbusinessestoprovidethemwithallkindsofgoods,butthecountrysunstableelectricitysupplymeansnonelectricalitemsareespeciallypopular."Thefactisthatdemandisrisingandunstoppable,",roadandriverroutesdirectlyconnectedwithSinuiju,acityintheDPRKclosetotheborder,morethan70percentofChinastradewiththecountrypassesthroughDandong,heinternationalsituationinvolvingtheDPRK,and,moreimportant,,whichopenedin1943andconnectsDandongandSinuiju,hasfallensharplysinceChinaimplementedtheUNsanctions,accordingtoZhang,aveterancross-borderbusinessmanwhodeclinedtogivehisfullname."ForpeopleinDandong,themostobviouschangesarethattherearenoyoungwomenfromtheDPRKservingatjointventurerestaurantsthatarefamousforauthenticDPRKcuisine,andseafoodfromtheDPRKisnolongeravailableondinnertables,"(FREDDUFOUR/FORCHINADAILY)SpeculationZhangaddedthatlocalpeoplehavenotreactedtospeculationinsomepartsofChinathatDandongcouldbeafutureShenzhen-thecityinGuangdongprovincethatwasthecountryelopmentduringameetingintheDPRKonApril20."e,andthestatusofthenewbridgeacrosstherivertheywontbelieveeverythingtheyreadabouttheDPRK,"hesaid,(WENSHAN/FORCHINADAILY)BridgingthegapToboostcross-bordertrade,constructionofanewcrossing,officiallycalledtheNewChina-DPRKFriendshipBridge,,thenewbridge-about12kmdownstreamfromtheold940-meter-longconstruction-hasntbeenputintousebecauseconstructionofaroadtoconnectitwithSinuijuhasntstartedyet."Atthemoment,thenewbridgeonlyfunctionsasaholderforneonlights;istalkabouttheopening-upoftheDPRK;whenwilltrucksbeabletousethisexpensivebridge"Zhangsaid."SomeofmyfriendsbelievethehypeandhaveevenaskedmehowtheycanbuypropertyinSinuiju-theyaredeadlyserious."AftertheUNimposedthelatestsanctions,YaoXing,28,amemberoftheyoungergenerationofcross-borderbusinesspeopleinDandong,shiftedhisfocusfromimportingdieseltotakingtouriststotheDPRK."WeveseenarisingnumberofyoungChineseshowinganinterestinvisitingthecountrybecausetheyhavehe,businessisbooming,",Yaoatingthecountryisnotasdifficultastheyhadassumedandthatitcouldbefuntotakeatrip."Therisingdemandmeanswehaveto,manypeopleviewtheonce-a-dayinternationaltraintotheDPRKasanattractioninitsownright,althoughthe220-kilometerjourneycantakeuptosevenhoursbecauseofsecuritychecks,",thebusinessman,saidthatgiventhesanctionsimposedovertheyears,"Ofcourse,likeeveryoneelseinDandong,Iwillcloselyfollowthemeetingbetween,IalsowanttoseetheUNtakeitshandsoffthesanctionsbutton,whichwouldhaveanimmediate,beneficialeffectonmybusiness,"hesaid.AresidentmakesZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)PeoplepickleavestomakeZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinforestofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)AwomancleansleavesformakingZongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,togreettheupcomingDragonBoatFestivalinarivuletofZhangjiajieCity,centralChinasHunanProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/WuYongbing)Volunteersmakezongzi,apyramid-shapeddumplingmadeofglutinousricewrappedinbambooorreedleaves,fortheelderlypersonsofnofamilytocelebratetheDuanwuFestivalatacommunityinZhenjiangCity,eastChinasJiangsuProvince,June11,2018.(Xinhua/ShiYucheng)

  

  新华网荣获“2017年度中国上市公司杰出品牌奖”

 
责编:

淮海战役是解放战争时期,中国人民解放军对国民党军进行的一次战略性进攻战役,是解放战争时期具有决定意义的“三大战役”之一。

- 收起最新报道
    中文名
    淮海战役
    地点
    淮海地区
    时间
    2019-09-19--2019-09-19
    参战方
    人民解放军,国民党军
    结果
    解放军胜
    参战兵力
    解放军,60万;国民党军,80万

    1简介

    编辑本段 回目录

    淮海战役淮海战役


    淮海战役是解放战争时期,中国人民解放军华东野战军、中原野战军和华东军区、中原军区及华北军区所属冀鲁豫军区部队,在以徐州为中心,东起江苏海州、西至河南商丘、北起山东临城(今薛城)南抵淮河的广大地区内,对国民党军进行的一次战略性进攻战役,是解放战争时期具有决定意义的“三大战役”之一。

    淮海战役从1948116日开始,至1949110日结束,历时66天。人民解放军共歼灭国民党军5个兵团和1个绥靖区部队,计22个军56个师,共55.5万人,解放军伤亡13.4万人。

    背景

    1948924日济南失守后,国民党军总部以为解放军华东野战军需要长时间休整,未能料到华东野战军在济南战役损失不大,能迅速南下进攻徐州,结果大意轻敌。粟裕为迷惑敌人,特意在山东开了十几台大功率电台,不停向外发出指令,国民党军误认为华东野战军主力依然在山东。使徐州“剿匪”总司令部部署调整、兵力调动也趋缓慢。111日,中国共产党中央军事委员会决定中原野战军7个纵队,共约15万人,以及部分地方部队与华东野战军共同进行淮海战役,参战兵力达60万人。

    实际上,约50万解放军开始从不同方向秘密夜行,在国民党军不知情下扑向徐州。据被俘将领李汉萍回忆,到11月初,原集结在济宁、兖州一带的解放军围攻徐州的动态明显,危急时刻蒋介石特用极机密亲启电,令邱清泉派一个军,伪装成解放军,轻装出发,昼夜兼程前进,将鄄城以西之董口黄河堤坝掘开,造成鲁西泛滥,阻止解放军由鲁西方面进击徐州。但解放军方面获悉了国民党军的计划,三野大军抢在国民党军行动之前迅速挥师南下,国民党军来不及偷掘黄河,计划流产。

    徐州“剿匪”总司令部总司令官刘峙作战无能,故在战斗前,国民党军布阵极为不利,与解放军作战处于被动及被分割攻击。114日,蒋介石派顾祝同到徐州。115日,顾祝同在徐州召开高级将领会议,对上述作战计划作部署,命令刚刚发出。国民党军尚未按“徐蚌会战计划”南移,115日,刘峙见国民党军各兵团均已报告在正面发现解放军主力有扑向徐州之势,便遵从蒋意,将徐州周边部队向徐州收缩靠拢,然后再图向淮河一线撤退。命令黄百韬第7兵团、李弥第十三兵团退回徐州东郊,经蒙城向蚌埠调动孙元良第十六兵团经宿县北上退回徐州,邱清泉第二兵团退回徐州西郊,死守徐州。

    2准备

    编辑本段 回目录

    解放军方面
    淮海战役 支持的民工淮海战役 支持的民工

    1948916日,解放军华东野战军发动济南战役,924日结束。济南战役获胜三天后,华东野战军代司令员兼代政治委员粟裕向中国共产党中央军事委员会提议,希望乘胜攻歼淮阴、淮安、宝应、高邮、海州国民党军之战役,称为淮海战役。战役的主要目标是牵制邱清泉第二兵团、李弥第十三兵团两个兵团,歼灭距离徐州较远、位置突出之黄百韬第七兵团、李延年第九绥靖区,为夺取徐州做好准备。这一计划符合中国共产党“歼敌于长江以北”之指导思想,随即得到批准。中国共产党占据主动决战权,是原定规模较小之淮海战役。

    解放军华东野战军15个纵队、1个特种兵总队,共约36万人,大部分在山东省济南以南、临沂,一部分在江苏省宿迁地区休整一段时间后,开始攻击国民党军,计划分割围歼新安镇第七兵团并阻击徐州国民党军东援,然后南下切断津浦铁路徐州至蚌埠段,孤立徐州。同时,中国共产党中央军事委员会令中原野战军配合华东野战军,牵制部署在徐州以西国民党军。辽沈战役后,解放军在东北缴获一批国民党军野马战斗机,原想运用于战场,而后作罢。

    国民党军队

    在济南失守后,194810月,徐州“剿匪”总司令部开始收缩兵力,国民党军集结了4个兵团(第2、第13、第7、第16兵团)和4个绥靖区(第3、第4、第1、第9绥靖区)部队25个军共约60万人,以徐州为中心,利用津浦、陇海两条铁路线,组成东起海州、西迄商丘、北起临城、南达蚌埠之“一点两线”防御阵线,加强防守中原和华东地区,采取战略守势。

    10月底,解放军中原野战军进攻郑州,国民党军忧虑其可能会与解放军华东野战军在江淮地区会合,为巩固江淮,屏障南京,19481029日,国民党参谋总长顾祝同和国防部长何应钦在国防部召开作战会议,按照华中“剿匪“总司令部总司令白崇禧提出“守江必守淮”之指导思想,提出两种作战方案:一是集中优势兵力于徐州、蚌埠之间的津浦铁路两侧,做战略防御;当共军南下时,即集中全力,寻机与共军决战。二是放弃徐州,退守淮河进行河川防御。同时,为解决兵力不足,将辽沈战役后驻留葫芦岛的第三十九军、第五十四军转至蚌埠,支援徐蚌战场。尽管这次会议商定采用第一种作战方案,但直至徐蚌会战开始,国民党军仍没有确定作战部署,蒋介石更倾向于第二种方案,在淮河一带击破解放军主力,“来争取第二线战略配置的时间”。至115日,顾祝同在徐州召集刘峙、邱清泉、黄百韬、李弥等开会,方确定部署按第一案,主力沿津浦路排开。

    在指挥官人选上,蒋介石希望白崇禧担任总指挥,但白崇禧认为国民党军布阵完全陷入被动,于是坚决推辞。在前方指挥机构人选方面,蒋又希望徐州“剿匪”总司令部副总司令兼第2兵团司令官杜聿明能指挥这场战事,但杜聿明已于19481015日被紧急调往东北“剿匪”总司令部。蒋一时无信任人选可派,于是以徐州“剿匪”总司令部总司令刘峙来指挥这场战役。从白崇禧拒绝指挥,到解放军发动淮海战役,只有6天时间。

    3过程

    编辑本段 回目录

    淮海战役自1948116日开始,至1949110日结束,共分三个阶段。

    第一阶段
    淮海战役淮海战役

    1948924日济南失守后,国民党军总部以为解放军华东野战军需要长时间休整,未能料到华东野战军在济南战役损失不大,能迅速南下进攻徐州,结果大意轻敌。粟裕为迷惑敌军,特意在山东开了十几台大功率电台,不停向外发出指令,国民党军误认为华东野战军主力依然在山东。使徐州“剿匪”总司令部部署调整、兵力调动也趋缓慢。1948111日中共中央军委决定中原野战军7个纵队,共约15万人,以及部分地方部队与华东野战军共同进行淮海战役,参战兵力达到60万人。实际上,约50万解放军开始从不同方向秘密夜行,在国民党军不知情下扑向徐州。

    徐州“剿匪”总司令部总司令官刘峙作战无能,故在战斗前,国民党军布阵极为不利,与解放军作战处于被动及被分割攻击。国民党军尚未按“徐蚌会战计划”南移,1948115日,刘峙见国民党军各兵团均已报告在正面发现解放军主力有扑向徐州之势,便遵从蒋介石之意,将徐州周边部队向徐州收缩靠拢,然后再图向淮河一线撤退。命令黄百韬第7兵团、李弥第13兵团退回徐州东郊,经蒙城向蚌埠调动的孙元良第16兵团经宿县北上退回徐州,邱清泉第2兵团退回徐州西郊,死守徐州。1948116日,国民党军调动华中“剿匪”总司令部的12兵团进至太和、阜阳地区东援,徐州、蚌埠战场国民党军兵力增加到70万人。

    华东野战军按计划于1948116日夜间发起淮海战役,各部队向预定目标开进,发现国民党军正在收缩,当即转入追击。黄百韬第7兵团因奉令等海州第9绥靖区的第44军西撤,推迟至7日西开。华东野战军借这此延误,追上正在渡大运河的第7兵团,负责殿后之第7兵团第63军、第10083师被迅速歼灭。黄百韬见势不妙,希望李弥第13兵团协助撤退。李弥拿出刘峙命令,执意按计划回撤,拒绝援助。1948118日,防守运河一线之第3绥靖区四分之三以上之官兵,在中共地下党员、绥靖区副司令官何基沣、张克侠率领下,举行贾汪起义。之后,解放军迅速通过第三绥靖区防区。10日,解放军先头部队、山东兵团主力,歼灭第7兵团西撤之先头师,切断第7兵团退路。第7兵团渡过大运河后,走到碾庄时,第64军军长刘镇湘建议,依靠第13兵团在碾庄留下的军事工事,与解放军大战一场。同时,“国防部”发来电,称可交战,如能击退敌人再走亦可,这样第7兵团就在碾庄犹豫了一天,最后决定迎战解放军。结果解放军行军速度超出预料,在一日之内,华东野战军三个纵队,就攻占碾庄与徐州之间曹八集等各据点要道,11日,华东野战军将第7兵团合围于碾庄地区。

    此时徐州南方战况,由于宿县之孙元良第16兵团北撤徐州,而协防宿县之刘汝明第4绥靖区也向南撤。由于刘峙指挥慌乱,蒋介石决1948年定1110日把杜聿明调回任徐州“剿匪”总司令部副总司令兼前进指挥部主任,具体负责指挥作战;同时命令邱清泉第2兵团和李弥第13兵团由徐州向东攻击,为黄百韬第7兵团解围。在蚌埠,以第9绥靖区改组建第6兵团,以第4绥靖区改组建第8兵团,两兵团将协同沿津浦铁路两侧向宿县推进。至此,徐州、蚌埠战场国民党军兵力增加到80万人。

    1115日中原野战军攻占空虚的宿县,切断了徐州守军向蚌埠之退路。鉴于淮海战役规模越打越大,16日中共中央军委决定组成淮海战役总前敌委员会统筹华东、中原区事宜。蒋介石下令黄维第12兵团及蚌埠之李延年第6兵团、刘汝明第8兵团向北推进,重占宿县。

    1113日起,徐州国民党军以邱清泉第2兵团和李弥第13兵团协同攻击全力解第7兵团之围。开始粟裕令华东野战军第7、第10、第11纵队组成阻援兵团,由10纵司令员宋时轮、政委刘培善统一指挥,在侯集、林佟山至大许家地域,实行正面防御阻击徐州国民党军东援;以苏北兵团各纵队从徐州东南侧击第2、第13兵团增援,在潘塘附近发生激战。在22日第2兵团被华东野战军阻于离碾庄12公里处大许家一线,无法突破。19日,华东野战军全力加快对第7兵团的围歼作战,至19481122日,华东野战军将第7兵团10万人全部歼灭,第7兵团司令官黄百韬阵亡。

    第二阶段

    国民党军第7兵团被歼灭后,由蚌埠进军的李延年第6兵团、刘汝明第8兵团担心被解放军攻击而拖延北进,造成从华中“剿匪”总司令部增援向宿县进军的第12兵团(司令官黄维)位置突出、孤立,在解放军的阻击下,这3个兵团无法靠拢徐州打通徐州—蚌埠间联系,战场形势对国民党军极其不利。第12兵团由蒙城出发渡过涡河,19481121日,第12兵团到达南坪集并渡过浍河,发现解放军有合围之势,于23日夜转向东南方向的固镇转移,企图向李延年第6兵团靠拢。中原野战军集中兵力合围黄维第12兵团,1125日,中原野战军7个纵队将国民党军第12兵团包围在于宿县西南之双堆集。1127日,黄维指挥第12兵团乘合围尚不严密以4个师兵力为先头向东南方向全力突围,其中第85军第110师师长、中共地下党员廖运周率部阵前起义,使黄维突围计划失败,军心动摇,士气一蹶不振,只得就地固守待援。此时,国民党军已处在被动挨打的地位,由于第7兵团被消灭,徐州东线已完全暴露;徐州往蚌埠之退路,亦因宿县被中原野战军占领而切断。而黄维第12兵团也被解放军合围,有被全歼之危险。

    19481128日蒋介石在南京召开军事会议,不得不下令徐州驻军第2、第13、第16三个兵团放弃徐州向江南撤退,徐州“剿匪”总司令官刘峙离开徐州调到蚌埠指挥第6兵团、第8兵团再次北援,由徐州“剿匪”副总司令杜聿明指挥30万徐州守军,于19481130日放弃徐州向西南沿永城、涡阳撤退。华东野战军发现国民党军撤走即以7个纵队30万人发起追击、拦截。同时,由于南线李延年兵团缩回蚌埠,华东野战军又从南线另抽调3个纵队加入北线对杜聿明集团的围攻。杜聿明部途中接到蒋介石命令向东南出击,解救黄维第12兵团,邱清泉第2兵团、李弥第13兵团、孙元良第16兵团不得不转攻东南,最终124日被我华东野战军包围在永城东北陈官庄地区。126日,第16兵团因协调错误,自行突围,大部被歼灭。

    中原野战军对黄维第12兵团采取大量土工作业的近迫攻坚战法,对第12兵团合围圈不断缩小防区缩小,至12月初,第12兵团粮弹不足陷入困境,只能靠有限的空运补给。此外,我华东野战军又抽调5个纵队加特种兵纵队由华野参谋长陈士榘指挥,加入对第12兵团的围攻。第12兵团副司令胡琏因回家奔丧最初没有随军,第12兵团被围后乘飞机进入双堆集包围圈。1948126日,中原野战军、华东野战军对第12兵团全线发起攻击,19481212日发起总攻,至15日第12兵团残部各自突围被歼灭,消灭了国民党军12万人,俘虏第12兵团司令黄维,副司令胡琏搭乘战一团战二营代营长甘义三之座车,单独突围逃出(这部战车为战车二营突围指挥车,仅此车有突围路线地图及资料),但坦克被解放军击中亦受重伤, 后在上海接受手术。

    第三阶段

    由于已消灭了国民党军34个师,邱清泉第2兵团、李弥第13兵团之22个师被包围,为配合平津战役对傅作义集团之分割包围避免其迅速决策经海路南逃,解放军对合围的杜聿明部暂缓攻击,进行了20天休整,向杜聿明发动政战宣传与劝降,消耗其心理,为围歼杜聿明部做最后准备,虽然杜聿明拒绝投降,但瓦解了国民党军官兵士气。合围圈中的国民党军粮弹两缺,虽有空投补给,但远不够用。19481219日被围的国民党军曾谋划空军掩护下突围,亦无力执行。

    平津战役解放军完成了对北平、天津等地的分割与包围之后,194916日,解放军向青龙集、陈官庄地区被围的杜聿明部发起总攻,9日消灭第13兵团大部,残部撤往第2兵团防区。110日战斗结束。徐州“剿匪”总司令部副总司令兼前进指挥部主任杜聿明被俘,徐州“剿匪”总司令部前进指挥部副主任兼第2兵团司令官邱清泉阵亡,第13兵团司令官李弥逃脱。李延年第6、刘汝明第8兵团随后放弃淮河以南、长江以北地区,撤往江南。至此淮海战役结束,解放军占领了长江以北大片土地。

    4结果

    编辑本段 回目录

    解放了长江中下游以北的广大的地区。国民党统治的心脏地带京、沪一带完全暴露于人民解放军的攻击之下。

    5意义

    编辑本段 回目录

    淮海战役的失利,军事上使蒋介石在南线的精锐主力损失殆尽,尤其是嫡系部队中的骨干,黄维的第12兵团和邱清泉的第2兵团全军覆没,其中还包括被称为“五大主力”的第5军和第18军。(五大主力其他三支部队分别是19475月在孟良崮被歼的整编第74师、194810月在辽沈战役中被歼的新1军和新6军)从而也就失去了蒋介石赖以支持战争的中坚力量。淮河以北完全被解放,淮南大部也为解放军所控制,江北只剩一个重要城市安庆在国民党军控制下,解放军已直逼长江,下一步攻击矛头直指蒋介石统治的核心地区——江浙沪地区。就全国战局而言,辽沈、淮海战役后国民党军五大战略集团中,最强大的战略集团徐州集团和东北集团已不复存在,华北集团也危在旦夕,尚存的华中、西安两集团,在解放军不断打击下,也受到很大削弱,而新组建的京沪杭汤恩伯集团,实力很弱,这三个集团已构不成主力集团。黄河以北绝大部分已是解放区,黄河以南到长江以北,基本是解放区,国民党只得凭借长江天险占据江南半壁,但随着精锐主力的丧失,也已缺乏足够的兵力来组织起有效的防御。

    国民党政治上的危机随着军事上的失败,进一步加剧,派系间的权利争斗,趋于白热化。白崇禧利用国民党政权极为不利的形势,于19481225日提出“和平解决”的主张,并随即得到湖北、湖南、河南等省参议会的支持。在此形势下,蒋介石于1949年元旦发表新年文告,提出与中共和平谈判。然而此时,要和要战的主动权已不在国民党手中了。行政院院长孙科未经蒋介石批准,就率行政院迁往广州,宣布迁政府于广州,并表示反对与中共谈判,号召继续与中共进行战争,企图在外国势力支持下,经营华南。在国民党统治中心的南京、上海,已是人心浮动,惶惑不安。各轮船公司奉命在南京、上海集中船只,以供国民党政府紧急征用。各级政府官员,争相逃往香港、台湾。故宫博物院文物也开始撤离南京迁往台湾。

    在此之前,1945年抗日战争胜利,北平收复,国民党政府再度接收故宫博物院,三处南迁文物复集中于重庆,于1947年运回南京。淮海战役的失利,迫使国民政府加紧从南京撤走重要文物。自1948年底至1949年初,南京国民党政府从南京库房中挑选出2,972箱文物运往台湾,后于台北市士林外双溪建立新馆,公开对外展出。余下的大批文物,在1949年以后陆续运回北京故宫博物院一万余箱,但至今还有2,176箱仍封存于南京库房,委托南京博物院代管。国民党中央党部仅剩十余人,立法院80%的立法委员逃离了南京。就连美国驻华军事顾问团也忙于撤退人员及家属。李宗仁回忆到:徐蚌会战(淮海战役)已近尾声时,中共全盘胜利已成定局,京沪震动,人心惶惶,国内外许多民意机关,甚至统兵作战的高级将领,都认为前途无望。

    四面楚歌的蒋介石,在这样局面下,只得采取以退为进的策略。经过精心策划和部署,于1949121日,宣布下野引退,将总统之职交由副总统李宗仁代理,自己回到家乡浙江奉化溪口,在幕后遥控指挥。

    对于淮海战役,国民党军统帅部在战后检讨中,不得不承认:国军遭受之失败,影响全局,最为重大,尤其是华东地区。由于国军在徐蚌决战中,主力兵团全部被歼,致使国军再无力与共军主力决战。美国驻华军事顾问团团长巴达维将军在给美国陆军部的报告中说:由于国民党政府在长江以北的失败所造成的耻辱,纵令时间容许,国民党政府是否能在华南取得必要的支持,动员这一地区的人力,以重建其军队,实属极端令人怀疑。国民党的完全失败,已是不可避免。美国驻华大使司徒雷登则认为:蒋介石的军事力量实际上是崩溃了。桂系一时间倍感扬眉吐气,甚至想大干一场。

    淮海战役的意义就如毛泽东在战役结束后的第四天,即1949114日发表的关于时局的声明中所说:“现在,人民解放军无论在数量上士气上和装备上均优于国民党反动派政府的残余军事力量。至此,中国人民才开始吐了一口气。现在情况很明显,只要解放军向残余的国民党军再作若干次重大攻击,国民党统治即将土崩瓦解,归于消亡”。

    淮海战役的胜利,使长江中下游以北的广大地区获得解放,为解放军渡江作战奠定了基础。

    参考资料

    [添加]
    [1].新华网:淮海战役
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